What is Pro Forma Balance Sheet

What is Pro Forma Balance Sheet?

What is Pro Forma?

Pro forma, which translates as “as a matter of form” or “for the sake of form,” is a way of calculating financial outcomes based on particular expectations or assumptions. Pro forma financials are not calculated using conventional accounting methods and often exclude one-time charges. These charges are not part of routine business operations. As a result, a pro forma financial statement can remove anything that a firm feels obscuring the accuracy of its financial forecast. Thus, it can be a helpful piece of information in assessing a company’s prospects.

Pro forma financial statements include fictitious data or estimations. They are embedded in the data to provide a picture of a company’s earnings when certain nonrecurring factors are omitted.

These are frequently experimental or descriptive financials that do not adhere to regular accounting rules. Instead, companies calculate pro forma earnings using their judgment, including or removing things based on what they believe reflects the company’s genuine record or future performance.

Pro forma financial statements feature the same statements as established corporate financial statements. In addition, they should include a balance sheet, a profit and loss statement, and a cash flow statement. These statements represent the company’s future commercial activity and future financial performance.

The Pro Forma Balance Sheet

A Pro-forma balance sheet is a compilation of future estimates that might assist your organization in managing its assets for better future performance. It may ensure that there are no disappointments in the future when it comes to paying your expenses, receiving investment returns, and keeping your stocks stocked.

New start-ups can use Pro forma balance sheets to monitor and plan for future assets. Pro forma predictions guarantee no surprises when managing obligations and other assets such as inventory. In addition, a potential investor in a start-up will examine pro forma balance sheets to determine the possible return on investment.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Pro Forma Balance Sheet

There are several advantages and disadvantages of a Pro Forma Balance Sheet.


It is advantageous to utilize a pro forma balance sheet during strategic planning to identify growth areas and to do a SWOT analysis to uncover strategic planning’s strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities.

A pro forma will give strategic planners the anticipated financial situation so they may decide how to allocate the resources expected to fulfill development objectives and requirements.

Other significant advantages of a Pro Forma Balance Sheet are,

  • Assisting management teams in developing and managing future assets for the company 
  • Assisting prospective investors with their probable return on investment calculations
  • Assisting firms in selecting a suitable strategy for the future.


The company must inform investors that its pro forma balance sheets can contain numbers or computations that don’t meet generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the guidelines public firms use for their financial statements. However, using last year’s balance sheet and past information is more accurate for making realistic assumptions about the following year.

Uses of a Pro Forma Balance Sheet

Using yearly data, the company may use pro forma balance sheets to anticipate the full-year performance of your small firm. In addition, the company predicts the results for the remainder of the year using yearly statistics. Pro forma balance sheets can aid small business owners in obtaining approval from banks or investors for extra finance.

In addition to previous performance, potential lenders and investors want to evaluate a company’s future income and cash flows. Small firms are more likely to repay borrowed or invested money with interest if they generate a sizable income and cash flow.

What is a Pro Forma Invoice?

A pro forma invoice is a draught bill of sale delivered to the customer before the shipment or delivery of the goods. The invoice will typically list the things purchased along with other crucial details like shipping costs and weight. In addition, a pro forma invoice has to provide the necessary information for customs agents. This assesses the duties after taking a broad look at the items it includes.

How do you create a Pro Forma Balance Sheet?

The creation of a Pro Forma Balance Sheet is effortless today. Online pro forma statement templates are available. Or you may make your own by utilizing a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet to populate and figure out the relevant values depending on your inputs.

To create a Pro Forma Balance Sheet

  • Calculate your company’s projected revenue estimates. 
  • Make sound market projections. 
  • Research the average yearly revenue stream and asset accumulation assumptions, and consult specialists and accountants.
  • Set a sales target for the period you are considering. For example, let’s imagine that you desire to earn more money over a year.
  • Create a production schedule that will enable you to accomplish your objective and schedule it for the time frame you are covering. (in this situation, you should make more monthly money for an entire year).
  • Consider how you will synchronize your manufacturing schedule. For example, you might increase your sales by a set percentage each month or by progressively raising your monthly sales total.

Importance of a Pro Forma Balance Sheet

The company can use Pro forma balance sheets to monitor and plan future assets. With the help of pro forma predictions, you may manage your liabilities and other assets, such as inventory, without worrying about unpleasant shocks. In addition, prospective investors will examine pro forma balance sheets to determine their potential return on investment in a start-up.

Your multiyear balance sheet will help you determine if you can pay for that cost out of pocket or whether borrowing is necessary. As a key decision maker, you may use this precise prediction to decide which solutions are lucrative or feasible.

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